An air compression system mainly consists of a compressor, a tank and an outlet that connects to a hose or a tool. Air compression systems have countless applications in multiple industries. From the refrigerators in our kitchens to the rockets in space; they are found everywhere. The air hose has two ends. One end connects to the pressure tank, and the other connects to any tool that you may want to use.
The horse’s job is to direct air pressure or extend it from the pressure tank to the designated tool. Tools such as hammers, nail guns, dentists’ drills, and many others use air compressor hoses. They all have different pressure required to be used effectively, which is mentioned in PSI (Pounds per sq. inch).
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Things to Consider While Buying an Air Compressor Hose
All hoses are different. They vary based on some factors, which should be considered to make the right purchase decision according to your requirements. Some of those specifications are as follows:
PVC hose is the cheapest option. It is not as flexible as other options, but it is economical. It is not recommended for industrial use but may work fine at home. It is very durable as well.
Polyhose is the lightest of all types of compressor hoses. This is great for industrial use where workers have to use it and carry it around all day. The lesser weight makes a huge difference.
The hybrid hose is a combination of the above two mentioned materials. It is highly flexible and durable, abrasion resistant and very easy to unwind.
Length of the hose is of great importance to most industrial workers. Usually, the 100 feet long hoses are preferred in industries as they have a huge area to cover. In smaller areas such as houses, the 50 feet hoses are typically used.
The Type Of Industry
The hoses also vary based on where they will be used. Some hoses cannot be used during the winter. Hence they might not be useful in industries that work only during winters such as the sugar industry.
The Cross-Sectional Diameter
Air compressor hoses come in multiple sizes diameter wise. You can get a quarter inch diameter or a hose with a 3/8 inch diameter. The former is cheaper and lighter, making it easier to carry and store as well. The latter is good in cases where a high flow rate is needed. The bigger diameter reduces friction and increases efficiency.
When to Change Your Air Compressor Hose?
Since air hoses deal with high pressures, they undergo a lot of wear and tear. Therefore, they need constant maintenance and replacement. A faulty or leaking hose would not be able to supply steady pressure. Here are a few signs to let you know that your air compressor hose needs replacing:
- The connector on either side is damaged or not attaching properly
- There are cuts through which air is leaking
- If you increase pressure, air starts to leak out from either the ends or the pipe itself
- The hose has passed its life
- The adapter is not compatible with new tools
- You may need more length for your specific purpose
Even if there is no defect in your air compressor hose, it might be a good idea to get a new one if you want to be able to use a variety of tools that the current hose is not compatible with. Certain connectors can be used to make your current hose compatible with newer tools, but it is not a very durable option. The better alternative is to get a new hose.
Are Air Compressor Hoses Universal?
An air compressor hose has two ends. Both ends vary in shape and size depending on the type of tool, hose and the pressure tank. Therefore, we can say that air hoses are not universal. A coupler or a connector can be used to attach different sizes of tools to the same hose, but it is recommended to get a new hose that is compatible with your required air tools.
Since there is such a large variety of pneumatic tools that use air compressor hoes, they all have different pressure requirements as well. Depending on the pressure requirement of your tool, the diameter of the hose should be changed as well. Tools that need high pressure to work would require an air hose with a larger diameter to allow for greater airflow with lesser resistance.
Another major difference between air hoses is retractable vs standard hose. A standard hose is straight and can be rolled up and stored. A retractable or coiled air compressor hose, on the other hand, is in the shape of a large spring. It can be extended as desired and be coiled back. Their usage mainly depends on your workspace. If you are working in a tight area, it is better to go for a coiled hose to prevent people from falling over, the hose is getting stuck and needs to keep things tidy. When you let go, the coiled hose retracts and confine themselves, making them easier to store and carry as well.
It should also be known that a longer hose might cause pressure loss, so the length should be chosen according to requirements.
Air compressor hoses have wide applications throughout multiple industries and homes. They are used for everything, and therefore undergo a lot of abrasion and pressure. To ensure a steady airflow, hoses need to be replaced every so often. As mentioned in the above article, hoses are not universal. Therefore, people should be aware of the different factors that may affect their purchase decision.